Sustainable Development and the Climate Crisis

Sustainable Development and the Climate Crisis

All Neighbourhood Development Plans must, by law, be about delivering sustainable development. 

What is Sustainable Development? In a nutshell: meeting the community’s needs of the present without harming the ability of future generations to meet their needs. 

So the Calstock Neighbourhood Development Plan’s policies and proposals must aim to meet the needs of the people who currently live, work, learn and visit the area  in a way that preserves the ability of the environment to support the needs of future generations of residents, workers and visitors to the Parish. 

The guiding principles of sustainable development that our Neighbourhood Plan should follow are:

  • Living within the planet’s environmental limits – by protecting and enhancing our natural and man-made environment, and responding to climate change.
  • Ensuring a strong, healthy and just society – by meeting present and future needs for the housing, work and services that support the wellbeing of all our community.
  • Achieving a sustainable economy – by supporting actions that build prosperity for all and use resources wisely.
  • Promoting good governance – by ensuring that we are all involved in creating the Calstock Neighbourhood Development Plan

All these principles relate to the important environmental issues of today in various ways, including plastic pollution, species loss, air quality and especially the climate crisis.

The climate crisis represents a fundamental threat to global well-being, and thereby to the well being of our own communities. This is recognised internationally though the Kyoto and Paris Climate Conference Agreements and the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) Interim Report, 2018. The UK Government has a commitment to reduce CO2 emissions by 50% on 1990 levels by 2025 and by 80% on 1990 levels by 2050. On 22nd January 2019 Cornwall Council resolved to declare a ‘climate emergency with a target for Cornwall to become carbon neutral by 2030. In May 2019, Parliament declared a ‘climate change emergency’. In May 2019 the Committee on Climate Change recommended net zero carbon emissions by 2050 and a new law mandating this is under discussion. 

The Calstock Parish Council has been no less quick to respond to the call to action to help tackle the climate crisis, declaring a ‘Climate Emergency’ itself on 9th April 2019. One of the first actions following this was to ensure that the Parish Neighbourhood Development Plan responded to the need for action.

As human settlement and development is a major factor in the climate crisis, the Calstock Parish Neighbourhood Development Plan policies and proposals can make a local contribution to tackling both the causes and effects of global  heating: 

Policy TC1 – Transport  – Relates new development to public transport routes: Encourages walking/cycling – Supports enhancement of public transport

Policy TC3 – Broadband and Mobile Comms: Reduces need to travel

Policy LA1 – Local Landscape: Reduces loss of natural carbon sinks

Policy LA2 – Dark Skies and Street Lighting: Reduces energy use

Policy LISF 1 – Existing Community Facilities and Social Infrastructure: Helps reduce need to travel for services

Policy LISF 2 – Community Infrastructure Levy – Community Priorities:Helps reduce need to travel for services, Can fund measures to tackle causes and impacts of climate change

Policy LISF 4 – Green Infrastructure Network: Protects and enhances natural carbon sinks, Encourages walking/cycling

Policy LISF 5 – Local Green Spaces: Protects natural carbon sinks

Policy LISF 6 – Key Recreational Spaces: Protects natural carbon sinks

Policy LET 1 – Small Business Unit Development: Improves the scope for access on foot, by cycling or by public transport, Encourages retention/enhancement of natural landscaping

Policy LET 2 – Green Tourism: Encourages cycling, walking and public transport for tourism, Encourages use of renewable energy, Supports creation of natural carbon sinks

Policy LET 3 – Employment in Residential Areas: Helps reduce need to travel

Policy HP 1 – Settlement Development Boundaries: Focuses new development close to services etc.

Policy HP 2 – Rural Gaps: Reduces loss of natural carbon sinks

Policy HP 4 – Affordable Housing: Focuses new development close to services etc.

Policy HP 5 – Ensuring a Choice of Housing: Reduces need to move away and travel to see relatives etc

Policy HP 6 – Extra Care Housing: Reduces need to move away and travel to see relatives etc

Policy FLD 1 – Flood Prevention: Reduces the risk of flooding throughout the Parish and address the sustainability of existing systems.

Policy FLD 2 – Sustainable Drainage: Reduces the risk of flooding throughout the Parish and address the sustainability of existing systems.

Policy EBD 1 – Habitat and Diversity: Encourages retention/enhancement of natural carbon sinks, Enhances opportunities to avoid species loss

Policy EBD 2 – Trees, Cornish Hedges and Hedgerows: Encourages retention/enhancement of natural carbon sinks, Enhances opportunities to avoid species loss

Policy REN1 – Renewable Energy:Encourages provision of additional renewable energy potential, Ensures that renewable energy reflects the sensitive character of Calstock Parish.

Policy REN 2 – Local Energy Storage: Encourages the provision of infrastructure to support rural renewable energy generation and use

Policy REN 3 – Community Sustainable Energy: Encourages take-up of renewable energy proposals

Policy REN 4 – Energy efficient & small carbon footprint development: Helps reduce use of fossil fuels, Promotes energy efficiency, Encourages retrofitting of energy conservation measures

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